As an educator you are responsible for the
implementation of the activities found on this site. You must have
safety procedures and rules established for you classroom and make sure
all of the students follow the rules to ensure a safe environment. South
Dakota Public Broadcasting cannot in any way be responsible or liable
for any injury as a result of using the activities. Use the activities
you feel are appropriate and safe for your individual class. Have fun
and stay safe.
Questions, comments or ideas for Kids Quest can be e-mailed to Edservices@sdpb.org
It is common knowledge that all kids love to play. Unfortunately, some of the students you have in the classroom are not as
thrilled about math, language arts or science class. Their minds may be
on recess or a television show they watched the night before. The
activity that follows is a very fun and easy supplement to bring your
class alive without straying from learning. The kids will learn and have
The focus of the following activity is something called
"Bernoulli's Principle”. Don't let this scare you, I have explained
Bernoulli's Principle below in the short video clips. Also, at this age
it isn't important that all the kids understand the principle
Watch the Science Sample clip 1 (11 min - Airplane Flight)
Watch the Science Sample clip 2 (8 min - More examples of
Materials per group:
white paper (4 per group)
scissors (safety- 1 per group)
stopwatches (PE Dept.4 - 6 per class)
masking tape (1 role per class)
graph paper (1 per student)
colored pencils (many)
tape measure (1 per group-prefer metric system)
(note: A tape measure may be borrowed from a parent or the PE Dept. of
your school. Some teachers use rulers and paper to make a measure line.)
goggles (1 per student)
Introduction of topic (space) (1-2 class periods)
1. Watch Kids Quest " Fill Your Head With Space”.
2. Cover information in your science text.
3. Visit educational web sites about space.
1. The activity involves the designing,
making and testing of a paper airplane. The class should be broken down
into groups of 2. Each team should receive 4 pieces of white paper,
scissors (safety), and a meter of tape. Each team should measure the
tape for their group using the metric system. This would be a good time
to compare measuring in feet and inches. Also, explain to the
students there is a resistance for the use of the metric system in the
everyday world. They should realize the metric system is used in
most technological fields.
2. The students need to use one of the pieces of paper for the design
phase. Explain to the students that the first part of the activity is
design only. They may use a piece of paper to draw ideas, but they
cannot fold the paper. They are disqualified if they fold the paper.
This is a good test of self-control. I usually allow 5 minutes for this
part of the activity. The students are never allowed to throw the planes
before the actual competition. Goggles should be worn.
3. The students are usually allowed 10 -15 minutes to complete the
build. They are not given more than the four sheets of paper. They may
use the four sheets of paper and the 1 meter of tape to construct the
plane. The plane must resemble some form of an aerodynamic design. A
round ball of tape and paper will not work. It is a good idea to have a
set amount of time and end the construction promptly.
4. The students should clean up their construction area and then move to
the flight area. The flight area needs to be fairly long similar to a
hallway. There should be a start line with all of the kids behind the
throw area. The tape measure should be extended out from the start line
in the opposite direction of the kids. Small circles could be placed on
the line to represent the planets in our solar system. This will
reinforce the names of our planets. 4 - 6 students need to run the
stopwatches. All of the students should have the opportunity to run one
of the watches.
5. The first student should approach the start line. The student will
say 1..2..3 and then throw the plane. All students should have eye
protection. The timers should start the watches at the point of release.
They should continue to time until the plane comes to rest. The group
that made the plane reads the distance the plane flew using the tape
measure. Averages of all 4-6 stop watches are recorded. A data table is
used to record the distance, and the time the plane is in the air. With
your help, the students can decide which information they want to use to
construct the graph. A graph could be made comparing distance attained,
the number of planes to pass certain planets or flight time.
6. The activity can be modified to meet your needs. Prizes like a pop or
small candy bar can be given to entice the students.
(example graph - can be completed on paper)
(does not represent real data)
http://www.pbs.org/kcet/chasingthesun/resources/resources_lesson_1.html - Additional activities using Bernoulli's Principle
http://www.pbs.org/safarchive/4_class/45_pguides/pguide_405/4545_bb.html - Using Bernoulli's Principle in baseball.
http://pbskids.org/dragonflytv/superdoit/bernoullis_blowout.html - A hair raising experience using Bernoulli's Principle.
If completed correctly, the
following standards are used in the activity above. More standards could
be used by including spin-offs of the activity. For example, a paper
could be written about the information gathered about flight. Also, the
planes and planets could be decorated which would include fine arts.
Number indicates standard number
THIRD GRADE MEASUREMENT STANDARDS - THE STUDENT WILL:
1. measure time within fractions of a second. (example: stop watch)
4. explore unit relationships within a system of measurement. (example:
four quarts = a gallon)
6. estimate and measure length to the nearest quarter inch or the nearest
7. measure and compare objects using measurable attributes. (could
THIRD GRADE STATISTICS & PROBABILITY STANDARDS - THE STUDENT WILL:
1. represent data in line plots, bar graphs, tables, or tally charts
using appropriate form and scales for the data.
3. ask and answer relevant questions from data represented in charts,
tables, and graphs.
THIRD GRADE NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS- STUDENTS WILL:
4. describe scientific contributions made by people worldwide.
6. gather, chart, and graph data.
7. use appropriate standard and metric measures to collect, record, and
10. use appropriate scientific equipment for investigations.
11. use proper safety procedures in all investigations.
THIRD GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCE STANDARDS - STUDENTS WILL:
8. explain the cause and effect of motion.
THIRD GRADE EARTH/SPACE SCIENCE STANDARDS- STUDENTS WILL:
7. describe how the Earth is one of several planets that orbit the sun,
and the moon orbits Earth.
Credits: Resource: South Dakota Department of Education Content Standards