Activity 2: Biography Board
The biography board provides students with the opportunity to gain in-depth understanding of a key historical figure and the role this person played in history.
Students are asked to conduct research into the life of the selected historical figure and organize the information into several categories that provide an overall perspective on the person.
This activity is designed as a group project that requires students to practice effective communication, problem-solving, and collaboration skills.
In the process, students will gain a deeper understanding of the this time in history and the people who influenced it.
Ask students to work individually or in small groups to create display boards that provide biographical insight into the life of one of the people involved in the Wounded Knee conflict or events leading up to the conflict - or people depicted in the Lost Bird of Wounded Knee documentary.
As part of this project, ask students to write four questions that other students should be able to answer after reading their display. These questions should be a separate sheet of paper attached to the back of the biography board.
Procedures:1. Determine if you want the biography boards to be group or individual projects. Advantages to the group approach will be involving the students in group research, planning, and writing activities that enhance communications skills and meet additional standards requirements for working with peers.
2. Introduce the concept of the biography board to students. Make copies of the biography board format provided below and distribute to the class. Go over each section of the board with explanations like the following:
4. Provide students with information on using a variety of resources to research their selected historical figure. These may include books (biographies, encyclopedias, history textbooks, non-fiction historical books), periodicals (magazine or newspaper articles related to the individuals), and the Internet (web sites, online encyclopedias, etc.). Determine how many resources you expect the students to use in their research. For students in grades 9-12, sources should be cited on the back of the biography board. Determine which style of citation you require and provide students with an example of bibliographies written in that style.
When discussing each topic, be clear about your expectations of the students in relation to this project. Provide students with a clear outline of your expectations and your assessment criteria for each segment of the project.6. Provide students with examples of questions they should write for inclusion on the back of the biography board. You may want to require students to write a combination of objective and subjective questions - making inferences or drawing conclusions from the materials presented. The questions may be used in a class period or over several class periods to extend the information provided through the biography boards. Subjective questions may also be used as "starters" for further writing assignments. For example, a student question such as "How did Leonard Colby’s treatment of Lost Bird influence her search for her Native American roots?" may evolve into another research assignment and essay on adopted persons’ search for their biological parents.
7. Determine how you want the biography boards to be presented to the class and instruct students as to your expectations. You may want students to display their boards during a class period when the class can go around the room and read each board. Or you may want students to present their boards in an oral presentation, asking for class feedback at the same time. You may decide to hold a special exhibit of the biography boards and open it up to other classes. Your decision will be a factor in how the students design their boards and how they prepare for the presentation/display of their products.
Standards: (Source: McREL K-12 Standards at www.mcrel.org)
Historical Understanding Standard 2: Understands the historical perspective.
Level 3 (Grade 7-8)
Level 4 (Grade 9-12)
Language Arts - Writing: Standard 1: Demonstrates competence in the general skills and strategies of the writing process.
Language Arts - Writing: Standard 4: Gathers and uses information for research purposes.
The Following Biography Board is provided for your use. Teachers may wish to adapt this example or they may expect students to be creative, within teacher-established guidelines, in designing their biography boards.
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